FREEHAND 3D ULTRASOUND CALIBRATION: A REVIEW
Po-Wei Hsu, Richard W. Prager, Andrew H. Gee and Graham M. Treece
Freehand three-dimensional ultrasound is a technique for acquiring ultrasonic data of a 3D volume by recording the trajectory of the ultrasound probe using a position sensor. In planning and registration, a freehand ultrasound systems is used to track a two-dimensional probe. Probe calibration is necessary to find the rigid body transformation from the coordinate system of the B-scan to that of the mobile part of the position sensor. Numerous techniques for this have been developed over the past decade. In this review, we give a comprehensive description of existing calibration techniques and classify them according to the mathematical principles on which they are based. We give a thorough analysis of these approaches based on their accuracy, ease of use, reliability, and speed of calibration. To ensure consistency, these comparisons are done by the authors based on experimental results and not on figures quoted in previous papers.
If you have difficulty viewing files that end
which are gzip compressed, then you may be able to find
tools to uncompress them at the gzip
If you have difficulty viewing files that are in PostScript, (ending
'.ps.gz'), then you may be able to
find tools to view them at
We have attempted to provide automatically generated PDF copies of documents for which only PostScript versions have previously been available. These are clearly marked in the database - due to the nature of the automatic conversion process, they are likely to be badly aliased when viewed at default resolution on screen by acroread.