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Abstract for niesler_tr265

Cambridge University Engineering Department Technical Report CUED/F-INFENG/TR265

COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF WORD- AND CATEGORY-BASED LANGUAGE MODELS

Thomas Niesler and Phil Woodland

July 1996

Conventional n-gram language models employ the occurrence counts of word n-tuples to calculate probabilities for word sequences. It has been demonstrated, however, that language models using n-tuples of word-categories rather than words exhibit certain advantages, such as the intrinsic ability to generalise to unseen word sequences, and attactive size versus performance tradeoffs. This document compares the behaviour of word- and category-based language models in detail, and among the significant findings are that the category-based model is less likely to deliver very small probability estimates, that it performs better in situations where the word-model backs-off, and that the category-based model is less sensitive to changes in the character of the test-text


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