NEW FEATURES IN THE CU-HTK SYSTEM FOR TRANSCRIPTION OF CONVERSATIONAL TELEPHONE SPEECH
T. Hain, P.C. Woodland, G. Evermann and D. Povey
This paper discusses new features integrated into the Cambridge University HTK (CU-HTK) system for the transcription of conversational telephone speech. Major improvements have been achieved by the use of maximum mutual information estimation in training as well as maximum likelihood estimation; the use of a full variance transform for adaptation; the inclusion of unigram pronunciation probabilities; and word-level posterior probability estimation using confusion networks for use in minimum word error rate decoding, confidence score estimation and system combination. Improvements are demonstrated via performance on the NIST March 2000 evaluation of English conversational telephone speech transcription (Hub5E). In this evaluation the CU-HTK system gave an overall word error rate of 25.4%, which was the best performance by a statistically significant margin.
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