CAMERA CALIBRATION FROM SYMMETRY
K-Y.K. Wong, P.R.S. Mendonça and R.Cipolla
This paper addresses the problem of calibrating a pinhole camera from images of a surface of revolution. Camera calibration is the process of determining the intrinsic or internal parameters (i.e. aspect ratio, focal length and principal point) of a camera, and is important for both motion estimation and metric reconstruction of 3D models. In this paper, a novel and simple calibration technique has been introduced which is based on the symmetry of images of surfaces of revolution. Traditional techniques for camera calibration involve taking images of some precisely machined calibration pattern (such as a calibration grid). The use of surfaces of revolution, which are commonly found in daily life (e.g. bowls and vases), makes the process easier as a result of the reduced cost and increased accessibility of the calibration objects. In this paper, it is shown that 2 images of surface of revolution will provide enough information for determining the aspect ratio, focal length and principal point of a camera. An analytical error model is developed, providing variances and confidence intervals of the parameters estimated. The techniques presented in this paper have been implemented and tested with both synthetic and real data. Experiment results show that the camera calibration method presented here is both practical and accurate.
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