FEATURE-BASED HUMAN FACE DETECTION
Kin Choong Yow and Roberto Cipolla
Human face detection has always been an important problem for face, expression and gesture recognition. Though numerous attempts have been made to detect and localize faces, these approaches have made assumptions that restrict their extension to more general cases. We identify that the key factor in a generic and robust system is that of using a large amount of image evidence, related and reinforced by model knowledge through a probabilistic framework. In this paper, we propose a feature-based algorithm for detecting faces that is sufficiently generic and is also easily extensible to cope with more demanding variations of the imaging conditions. The algorithm detects feature points from the image using spatial filters and groups them into face candidates using geometric and gray level constraints. A probabilistic framework is then used to reinforce probabilities and to evaluate the likelihood of the candidate as a face. We provide results to support the validity of the approach and demonstrate its capability to detect faces under different scale, orientation and viewpoint.
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